Q. What is Jesus trying to tell the disciples in Luke 22:35-36? Why is that they need to carry wallet, bag and sword at that time? Does that signify they need to prepare for danger? Commentaries say for Jesus to be listed as a criminal to fulfill the OT, there needs to be a weapon, which in His case is a sword. That’s why the subsequent verses says Jesus told them 2 is enough.
A. Jesus was telling His disciples that times had changed, and that they must be prepared:
• v 35 when I sent you out without money … That was in Lk 10:4 Carry no money belt, no bag, no shoes; and greet no one on the way, when people were more receptive and friendly, and would provide for the disciples’ food and accommodation.
• v 36 but now … This refers to after Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem in Lk 19:36-38. He drove the traders from the Temple (Lk 19:45-46), the chief priest, scribes and elders questioned His authority (Lk 20:1-2), and sent spies to catch Him in some statement (Lk 20:20). They were trying to destroy Him (Lk 19:47), and deliver Him to the governor (Lk 20:20).
Since the environment had turned hostile, and soon He would be taken away from them, He warned them of the coming danger and to be ready.
Lk 22:37 “AND HE WAS NUMBERED WITH TRANSGRESSORS” is a quotation from
• Is 53:12 Because He poured out Himself to death, And was numbered with the transgressors; Yet He Himself bore the sin of many, And interceded for the transgressors.
which is a messianic prophecy predicting that He will be treated like a criminal, but interceded for them. Some commentators feel that criminals are associated with swords, hence the reference. But I believe when the disciples told Jesus “here are two swords” and He replied “it is enough“, He meant “enough of this talk” i.e. He was disappointed in their lack of understanding in taking things too literally.
I believe He was not teaching them to defend themselves with a sword, because when He was arrested, He told Peter
• Mt 26:52 “Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword.”
• Lk 22:51 “Stop! No more of this.”
I believe He referred to sword simply to express the seriousness of the danger, but the disciples are not to fight violence with violence, which they finally understood after His resurrection.